(1 in 5 people may die and they do not know they have!)
Hypertension is the most widely recognized cardiovascular sickness influencing about 20% of the populace. The dangers of hypertension increment with age and influence 90% of 85-year-olds.
Just 50% of those influenced know about their hypertension since this ailment is frequently asymptomatic, which implies that it doesn’t bring about any manifestations.
In 90% of cases, we don’t have the foggiest idea about the reason for hypertension. In any case, we realize that age, heredity, absence of activity or overweight can prompt a hypertension… But the most widely recognized reason is the development of blood vessel plaque caused by a high-fat and high-sodium diet.
Moreover, hypertension is in charge of up to half of passings from coronary illness and stroke and is an immediate reason for kidney infection and kidney disappointment.
Here are 7 Early Warning Signs Your Blood Pressure Is Dangerously High (1 of every 5 Don’t Know They Have It!):
1. Migraine and weakness
Vacillation in hypertension can cause cerebral pains. On the off chance that you continue encountering very strange migraines regularly, at that point it is best not to overlook it and go for an examination right away. Taking successive painkillers and checking the agony is just a transient alleviation.
The successive sentiment of weariness and tiredness is likewise a piece of the indications of hypertension that you should watch and get checked once you experience it over and over again.
2. Obscured vision
The optical nerve, situated behind the eye, can be affected by hypertension. Out of the blue, you may experience the ill effects of an obscured vision and might be not able see objects, not at all like previously. This is likewise said to be one of the top side effects of high BP.
The lowering or heightening of blood pressure causes the heart to work harder, causing people to feel dizzy or light-headed.
4. Shortness of breath.
Disturbances in circulation can cause shortness of breath. You might find it difficults to breathe after doing simple tasks, which you might have not felt before.
Breathlessness is therefore a very important sign to show the chances of high BP.
5. Nausea and vomiting
It is not uncommon for the digestive system to be disturbed due to high blood pressure
6. Chest pain
The heart will pump faster and harder than usual. This is one of the most dangerous symptoms of high blood pressure. If ignored for a long time, it may also lead to conditions like sudden heart attack.
Small blood vessels can swell up in the nose and burst
8. Irregular heartbeat
High blood pressure will surely lead to conditions like irregularities in the heartbeat, and it is better to conscious of these conditions.
9. Blood in urine
Blood in urine is also regarded of the top most dangerous forms of symptoms of high BP, which usually occurs when it is quite late to identify the condition. Immediate consulation with the doctor is necessary in this case.
How to understand high blood pressure readings
Two numbers create a blood pressure reading:
Systolic pressure: This is the first, or top, number. It indicates the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats and pumps out blood.
Diastolic pressure: This is the second, or bottom, number. It’s the reading of the pressure in your arteries between beats of your heart.
Five categories define blood pressure readings for adults:
Healthy:A healthy blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
Elevated:The systolic number is between 120 and 129 mm Hg, and the diastolic number is less than 80 mm Hg. Doctors usually don’t treat elevated blood pressure with medication. Instead, your doctor may encourage lifestyle changes to help lower your numbers.
Stage 1 hypertension: The systolic number is between 130 and 139 mm Hg, or the diastolic number is between 80 and 89 mm Hg.
Stage 2 hypertension: The systolic number is 140 mm Hg or higher, or the diastolic number is 90 mm Hg or higher.
Hypertensive crisis: The systolic number is over 180 mm Hg, or the diastolic number is over 120 mm Hg. Blood pressure in this range requires urgent medical attention. If any symptoms such as chest pain, headache, shortness of breath, or visual changes occur when blood pressure is this high, medical care in the emergency room is needed.
A blood pressure reading is taken with a pressure cuff. For an accurate reading, it’s important you have a cuff that fits. An ill-fitting cuff may deliver inaccurate readings.
Blood pressure readings are different for children and teenagers. Ask your child’s doctor for the healthy ranges for your child if you’re asked to monitor their blood pressure.
Treatment options for high blood pressure
A number of factors help your doctor determine the best treatment option for you. These factors include which type of hypertension you have and what causes have been identified.
Primary hypertension treatment options
If your doctor diagnoses you with primary hypertension, lifestyle changes may help reduce your high blood pressure. If lifestyle changes alone aren’t enough, or if they stop being effective, your doctor may prescribe medication.
Secondary hypertension treatment options
If your doctor discovers an underlying issue causing your hypertension, treatment will focus on that other condition. For example, if a medicine you’ve started taking is causing increased blood pressure, your doctor will try other medicines that don’t have this side effect.
Sometimes, hypertension is persistent despite treatment for the underlying cause. In this case, your doctor may work with you to develop lifestyle changes and prescribe medications to help reduce your blood pressure.
Treatment plans for hypertension often evolve. What worked at first may become less useful over time. Your doctor will continue to work with you to refine your treatment.
Medication for high blood pressure
Many people go through a trial-and-error phase with blood pressure medications. You may need to try different medicines until you find one or a combination of medications that work for you.
Some of the medications used to treat hypertension include:
Beta-blockers: Beta-blockers make your heart beat slower and with less force. This reduces the amount of blood pumped through your arteries with each beat, which lowers blood pressure. It also blocks certain hormones in your body that can raise your blood pressure.
Diuretics: High sodium levels and excess fluid in your body can increase blood pressure. Diuretics, also called water pills, help your kidneys remove excess sodium from your body. As the sodium leaves, extra fluid in your bloodstream moves into your urine, which helps lower your blood pressure.
ACE inhibitors: Angiotensin is a chemical that causes blood vessels and artery walls to tighten and narrow. ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors prevent the body from producing as much of this chemical. This helps blood vessels relax and reduces blood pressure.
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs): While ACE inhibitors aim to stop the creation of angiotensin, ARBs block angiotensin from binding with receptors. Without the chemical, blood vessels won’t tighten. That helps relax vessels and lower blood pressure.
Calcium channel blockers: These medications block some of the calcium from entering the cardiac muscles of your heart. This leads to less forceful heartbeats and a lower blood pressure. These medicines also work in the blood vessels, causing them to relax and further lowering blood pressure.
Alpha-2 agonists: This type of medication changes the nerve impulses that cause blood vessels to tighten. This helps blood vessels to relax, which reduces blood pressure.
Home remedies for high blood pressure
Healthy lifestyle changes can help you control the factors that cause hypertension. Here are some of the most common home remedies.